Regular / Basic weaves give even and easily identified appearance to the woven fabric. Some of the commonly used regular weaves are as below:
1/1 Plain: Plain weave is the most commonly used weave in the weaving industry.
The principle involved in the construction of plain cloth is the interlacement of any two continuous threads either warp or weft in an exactly contrary manner to each other, with every thread in each series
passing alternately under and over consecutive threads of other series interlaces uniformly throughout the fabric. By this plan of interlacement, every thread in each series interlaces with every thread in the
other series to the maximum extent, thereby producing a comparatively firm and strong texture of cloth.
Set of the Warp Yarns, skipping one warp yarn alternatively, making up and down movement one by one creates a shed and this is what being done in plain weave. It means 50 % of total Warp Yarns remains up and rest of
50 % of them remains down always.
A complete unit of the plain weave occupies only two ends of warp yarns and two picks of weft yarns.
2/2 Matt: In case of regular matt weave, the plain weave is extended equally in the warp and weft directions in bunch of 2 or 3 or 4 warp and weft yarns.
Twill Weave: Twill weave is done by passing the weft yarn under the 2 or more warp yarns and then over the one warp yarn and so on. Twill weave distinguishes from other weaves is because of the presence
of visible diagonal lines that run across the width of the woven fabric.
Satin and Sateen Weaves: Satin is the Warp faced rearranged twill and Sateen is the Weft faced rearranged twill. Thus satin is the reverse side of the Sateen weave. The highlighted feature of
these weaves are their brightness / lustrous appearance and smoothness.